Nitrogen-oxygen (NITROX) diving is a unique type of diving
using nitrogenoxygen breathing gas mixtures ranging from 75 percent nitrogen/25
oxygen to 60 percent nitrogen/40 percent oxygen. Using NITROX significantly
increases the amount of time a diver can spend at depth without decompressing.
also decreases the required decompression time compared to a similar dive made
to the same depth using air. NITROX may be used in all diving operations
for air, but its use is limited to a normal depth of 140 fsw.
NITROX breathing gas mixtures are normally used for shallow dives. The most
benefit is gained when NITROX is used shallower than 50 fsw, but it can be advantageous when used to a depth of 140 fsw.
Advantages and Disadvantages of NITROX Diving.
The advantages of using
NITROX rather than air for diving include:
Extended bottom times for no-decompression diving.
Reduced decompression time.
Reduced residual nitrogen in the body after a dive.
Reduced possibility of decompression sickness.
Reduced Nitrogen Narcosis
of using NITROX include:
Increased risk of CNS oxygen toxicity.
Producing NITROX mixtures requires special equipment.
NITROX equipment requires special cleaning
Long-duration NITROX dives can result in pulmonary
NITROX is expensive to purchase.
Working with NITROX systems requires special training.