This chapter provides a general history of the development of military diving operations.
This chapter outlines the hard work and dedication of a number of individuals
who were pioneers in the development of diving technology. As with any endeavor, it is important to build the on discoveries of our predecessors and not repeat mistakes of the past.
The U.S. Navy is a leader in the development of modern
diving and underwater operations. The general requirements of national defense
and the specific requirements of underwater reconnaissance, demolition, ordnance
disposal, construction, ship maintenance, search, rescue and salvage operations
repeatedly give impetus to training and development. Navy diving is no longer
limited to tactical combat operations, wartime salvage, and submarine sinkings.
Fleet diving has become increasingly important and diversified since World War
II. A major part of the diving mission is inspecting and repairing naval vessels to
minimize downtime and the need for dry-docking. Other aspects of fleet diving
include recovering practice and research torpedoes, installing and repairing underwater
electronic arrays, underwater construction, and locating and recovering