The MK 3 MOD 0 LWDS is a
portable, self-contained, surface-supplied diver life-support system (DLSS). The
MK 3 MOD 0 LWDS can be arranged in three different configurations and may be
deployed pierside or from a variety of support platforms. Each LWDS includes a
control console assembly, volume tank assembly, medium-pressure air
compressor (optional), and stackable compressed-air rack assemblies, each
consisting of three high-pressure composite flasks (0.97 cu ft floodable volume
each). Each flask holds 198 scf of compressed air at 3,000 psi. The MK 3 MOD 0
LWDS provides sufficient air for two working divers and one standby diver operating
at a moderately heavy work rate to a maximum depth of 60 fsw in
configuration 1, 130 fsw in configuration 2, and 190 fsw in configuration 3. The
MK 3 MOD 0 will support diving operations with both UBA MK 20 MOD 0 and
UBA MK 21 Mod 1. Set-up and operating procedures for the LWDS are found in
the Operating and Maintenance Instructions for Lightweight Dive System
(LWDS) MK 3 MOD 0, SS500-HK-MMO-010
Air is supplied by a medium-pressure diesel-driven
compressor unit supplying primary air to the divers at 18 standard cubic feet per
minute (scfm) with secondary air being supplied by one air-rack assembly. Total
available secondary air is 594 scf. See Figure 8-3.
Figure 8.3. MK 3 MOD 0 Configuration 1.
Primary air is supplied to the divers using three
flask rack assemblies. Secondary air is supplied by one flask rack assembly. Total
available primary air is 1782 scf at 3,000 psi. Total available secondary air is 594
scf. See Figure 8-4.
Figure 8.4. SMK 3 MOD 0 Configuration 2.
Primary air is supplied to the divers using three
flask rack assemblies. Secondary air is supplied by two flask rack assemblies.
Total available primary air is 1,782 scf. Total available secondary air is 1,188 scf.
See Figure 8-5.
Figure 8.5. MK 3 MOD 0 Configuration 3.
This system is identical to the MK 3
MOD 0 LWDS except that the control console and volume tank have been modified
to support 5,000 psi operations for use with the Flyaway Dive System (FADS)
III. With appropriate adapters the system can still be used to support normal
LWDS operations. See Figure 8-6.
Figure 8.6. SMK 3 MOD 1 Lightweight Dive System.
The ROPER diving cart is a trailer-mounted diving system,
designed to suport one working and one standby diver in underwater operational
tasks performed by Ship Repair Activities to 60 fsw (Figure 8-7). The system is
self-contained, transportable, and certifiable in accordance with U.S. Navy Diving
and Hyperbaric System Safety Certification Manual, NAVSEA SS521-AA-MAN-
010. The major components/subsystems mounted within the cart body are:
Diving control station.A single operator controls and monitors the air supply
and operates the communication system.
Power distribution system.External power for communications and control
Intercommunication system (AC/DC).Provides communications between
divers and the diving control station.
Air supply system.Primary air source of two 6 cu ft, 3,000 psi air flasks; secondary
air source of a single 1.52 cu ft, 3,000 psi air flask; and a scuba
Detailed information and operating instructions are covered in Operations and
Maintenance Instructions for Ready Operational Pierside Emergency Repair
(ROPER) Diving Cart, SS500-AS-MMA-010.
Figure 8.7. ROPER Cart.
The FADS I is an air transportable, 0–190 fsw
system that can be delivered to a suitable diving platform quickly. The system consists of a filter control console (FCC) intended for use with the medium-pressure
flyaway air compressors and/or conventional air supplies. In its present
configuration, the system can service up to four divers depending on the diving
equipment in use. MK 21 MOD 1 and MK 20 equipment may be employed with
the FADS I. See Figure 8-8.
Operational instructions for FADS I and II are covered in Fly Away Diving System
Filter/Console Operation and Maintenance Instructions, S9592-AD-MMM.FLTR
CONT CSL; Fly Away Diving System Compressor Model 5120 Operation and
Maintenance Instructions, S9592-AE-MMM-010/MOD 5120; and Fly Away
Diving System Diesel Driven Compressor Unit Ex 32 Mod 0, PN 5020559, Operation
and Maintenance Instructions, S9592-AC-MMM-010/Detroit DSL 3-53.
Figure 8.8. Flyaway Air Diving System (FADS)
The FADS II is a self-supported, air transportable,
0–190 fsw air diving system, designed and packaged for rapid deployment
worldwide to a vessel of opportunity (see Figure 8-9). Primarily intended for use
in salvage or inspection and emergency ship repairs, the system’s main components
Diving outfit. Four demand helmet (MK 21 MOD 1) assemblies with umbilicals,
communication system, tool kit, and repair parts kit.
Two medium-pressure air compressors (MPAC). Diesel-driven QUINCY 250
psi, 87 standard cubic feet per minute (scfm), skid mounted.
High pressure air compressor (HPAC). Diesel-driven INGERSOLL RAND
10T2, 3,000 psi, 15 scfm, skid-mounted.
Filter control console. Regulates and filters air from MPAC, HPAC, or HP
banks to support four divers, skid-mounted.
Suitcase filter control console. Filters MPAC air to support three divers.
Double-lock aluminum recompression chamber. Standard USN chamber,
skid-mounted and designed to interface with filter control console.
Two HP air banks. Two sets of HP banks providing secondary diver and
HP oxygen tank. One bank of HP oxygen providing chamber support.
5 kW diesel generator. Provides power for communications, chamber lighting,
5 kW diesel light tower. Provides power to tripod lights, mast lights, underwater
Hydraulic tool package and underwater lights. As required.
Equipment shelter. Fiberglass container houses filter control console and diving
Two conex boxes. Steel containers for equipments storag
Figure 8.9. Control Console Assembly of
The FADS III is a portable, selfcontained,
life-support system designed to
support dive missions to 190 fsw
(Figure 8-9). Compressed air at
5,000 psi is contained in nine 3.15
cu ft floodable volume composite
flasks vertically mounted in an Air
Supply Rack Assembly (ASRA).
The ASRA will hold 9600 scf of
compressed air at 5,000 psi.
Compressed air is provided by a
5,000 psi air compressor assembly
which includes an air purification
system. The FADS III also
includes a control console
assembly and a volume tank
assembly. Three banks of two,
three, and four flasks allow the
ASRA to provide primary and secondary air to the divers as well as air to support
chamber operations. Set-up and operating procedures for the FADS III are found
in the Operating and Maintenance Technical Manual for Fly Away Dive System
(FADS) III Air System, S9592-B1-MMO-010.
Figure 8.6. Control Console Assembly of